Redox-Responsive Dipeptide Nanostructures toward Targeted Cancer Therapy
Sonika ChibhSonika Chibh, Avneet Kour, Nitin Yadav, Pankaj Kumar, Pratik Yadav, Virander Singh Chauhan*, and Jiban Jyoti Panda*
Materials that exhibit responsiveness toward biological signals are currently subjected to intense research in the field of drug delivery. In our study, we tried to develop cancer-targeted and redox-responsive nanoparticles (NPs) from disulfide-linked oxidized cysteine-phenylalanine (CFO). The NPs were conjugated with folic acid (FA) to specifically target cancer cells, and the presence of disulfide bonds would enabled the disintegration of the particles in the presence of elevated levels of glutathione (GSH) in cancer cells. Anticancer drug doxorubicin (Dox) was successfully loaded inside the disulfide-linked nanoparticles (CFO-Dox-NPs), which further demonstrated stimuli-responsive drug release in the presence of GSH. We have also demonstrated enhanced uptake of FA-derivatized NPs (FA-CFO-NPs) in cancerous cells (C6 glioma and B16F10 melanoma cells) than in normal cells (HEK293T cells) due to the overexpression of FA receptors on the surface of cancer cells. Cytotoxicity studies in C6 cells and B16F10 cells further revealed enhanced efficacy of Dox loaded (FA-CFO-Dox-NPs) as compared to the native drug. The findings of this study clearly demonstrated that the disulfide-linked nanoparticle system may provide a promising selective drug delivery platform in cancer cells.